By John Gerring
This e-book units forth a comparatively novel concept of democratic governance, acceptable to all political settings within which multi-party pageant obtains. opposed to the existing decentralist concept (deriving from Madison and Montesquieu), we argue that solid governance arises while political energies are concentrated towards the guts. components needs to be reconciled to ensure that this strategy of accumulating jointly to happen. associations has to be inclusive they usually has to be authoritative. We discuss with this mixture of attributes as "centripetal." whereas the speculation has many strength functions, during this ebook we're involved basically with national-level political associations. between those, we argue that 3 are of primary significance in securing a centripetal type of democratic governance: unitary (rather than federal) sovereignty, a parliamentary (rather than presidential) govt, and a closed-list PR electoral method (rather than a single-member district or preferential-vote system). We attempt the effect of those associations throughout quite a lot of governance results.
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Extra info for A Centripetal Theory of Democratic Governance
83333in 3 Conflict Mediation A successful polity must institutionalize conflict, integrating diverse groups and competing interests. In the contemporary era, the most troubling species of conflict is the extreme sort often associated with “ethnic” struggles, that is, struggles based on ascriptive identities such as religion, language, race, region, and caste. 1 Consequently, it is this sort of struggle that we are primarily concerned with when discussing the topic of conflict mediation, though we imagine that whatever arguments might be advanced with respect to the role of political institutions in extreme conflicts would also be true, a fortiori, of conflict in its more moderate forms.
Single-member-district electoral systems tend to foster strong relationships between individual candidates and voters in the constituency. He is “their” man; they are “his” constituents. This means several things. First, it means that voting in an SMD system is likely to be more personalized, less partisan. 12 Second, and relatedly, it means that it will be more difficult, and more costly, for national party leaders 11 12 Bowler et al. 5), Ranney (1965). But see Gallagher (1988: 259). Heitshusen et al.
Consider that parties in a multiparty system are small houses, rather than big tents. As such, their ideological and social composition is apt to be more uniform. In this respect, closed-list PR systems foster a more coherent, more “ideological” set of parties. By this we do not mean that there will be greater distance between major parties in a multiparty system than between major parties in a duopoly. The SPD and the CDU, the major parties on the left and right of the German party system, are probably closer in policy and in rhetoric than the Democratic and Republican Parties in the United States, for example.