By Alberdina Houtman, E Staalduine-Sulman, Hans-Martin Kirn
What's the use of a Targum in a cultural environment the place Aramaic isn't really a typical language anymore? And why could Christians have an interest in a more often than not Jewish textual content in an in a different way anti-Jewish milieu? those and similar questions have served as publications for Alberdina Houtman, Eveline van Staalduine-Sulman and Hans-Martin Kirn in bringing jointly the articles for the current publication, which is composed of 3 elements: 1. makes use of and capabilities of Targum in Europe; 2. enhancing Targums and their Latin Translations; three. Targums and Christianity. some of the articles care for the codicological and paratextual facets of the proper manuscripts and variations as witnesses in their cultural old events. The meant readership comprises experts in Targum, Jewish and medieval reviews, (church) historians, codicologists and (Christian) theologians.
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Extra resources for A Jewish Targum in a Christian World
Some theological or ethical works quote large parts of the Targum to support their line of thought. The Targum here functions as the authoritative interpretation of Scripture. It was apparently not enough to quote the Hebrew text; the interpretation of the Targum brought home their point. Ms Guenzburg 1020/7 (Russian State Library, Guenzburg Collection, Moscow, Russia) is a philosophical work on the nature of Jewish Law. It contains a small part of Targum Onkelos of Genesis. A fine example is the Sephardi ms Urbinati Ebr.
Transl. Townsend, 48] parallels: Tanhuma, Wa’era, 15 [ed. Warszawa, 200–201, transl. Berman, 379], ExodR 12:3 [ed. Shinan, 246–247 with bibliography]). 2 A question was posed: referring to the Bible, but in a typical rabbinic phrase. Cf. ‘This question was already stated some time ago by R. ” ’ (Mek, Massekhta DeWaYehi (BeShallaḥ), 5 [ed. Lauterbach (2004), 156]). down: according to the line-up of rhetorical questions on limitations of human deeds in Prov 30:4 as used analogously in a Petirah-Midrash about the death of Moses: ‘ “Who has ascended to heaven and come down?
Furthermore, Eastern manuscripts tend to give smaller portions than Western manuscripts. It is quite normal for an Eastern manuscript to provide Torah with Onkelos or the haftarot with Jonathan or even the haftarot for the festivals with Jonathan only. Complete Bibles are mostly found among the Ashkenazi manuscripts, either in the form of Torah with Targum Onkelos + Prophets + Writings or in the form of Torah with Onkelos + haftarot with Jonathan for the seventh day of Pesach and the first of Shavuot + Megillot.