By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be nervous to grasp why the fur exchange from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff some distance into Iroquois kingdom to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from castle Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest identified description of the internal of what's at the present time manhattan country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert was once a prepared observer, and his magazine isn't just a regular log of the place the excursion occasion traveled; it's also a close account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's amazing wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply fundamental fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and an individual with a unique curiosity in local American reviews. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages supply a helpful new measurement to this version of the journal.
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Extra info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
Y. chief gave us many goods and fed us well, for everything in his house was at our disposal. He told me simply that I was his brother and good friend. 46 I asked him whether there were French Indians near the Sinnekens. He said yes, and I was pleased, and thought that I would then reach my objective. 47 10 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY December 22. In the morning at sunrise we crossed the stream together. It was over our knees and was so cold that our stockings and shoes quickly froze as hard as armorplate.
New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:79, 140, 2:176, 248–49, 253. 18. Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 2:101, 322, 476–77, 4:383, 3:151–52. 19. Reporting on what he had heard but not witnessed of the incident, Govert Loockermans, a merchant and one of the Nine Men, an advisory body to the director, said that Van den Bogaert had been involved with two servants (Loockermans to Gillis Verbrugge, Dec. 21, 1647). See also Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, xl INTRODUCTION 4:480–81; Van Laer, trans.
However, on account of the steady snow we were unable to start out, because no one would go with us to carry our goods. I asked them how many chiefs there were and they told me 30 persons. 26 Dec. This morning I was given 2 pieces of bear meat to take on the journey. We took our leave amid much uproar that surged behind and before us. ”62 However, we did not want to shoot. Finally they went away. Today we passed over much flatland, and also through a stream over our knees in depth. I think that we proceeded today mostly in a west-northwest direction.