By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the commonest relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local americans mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this beneficial advisor presents a key to deciding on some of the kinds of issues came upon alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless sector stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to purple Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a a little bit higher sector extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the smooth Moline-Rock Island sector to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of millions of miles and vacationing inner most creditors from all walks of existence because 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented millions of projectile issues present in this zone. as well as drawings of every sort, he offers different authorized names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every sort. The consultant is intended for the various avocational archaeologists who acquire projectile issues within the top Midwest and should be an invaluable reference software for pro box archaeologists to boot. Emphasizing the protection of web sites in addition to a mutual trade of knowledge among specialist and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will demonstrate projectile issues as clues to the earlier, time markers which embrace the most important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Extra info for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
A Kessell point was also found in Early Archaic levels at the Longworth Gick site in Kentucky. Kessell Side-Notched points are most common along the central Ohio River valley but extend at least into western Wisconsin. Several are documented from the Kickapoo Valley in southwestern Wisconsin. One is known from De Kalb County in western Illinois. Cache River points are centered in northeastern Arkansas and extend into southeast Missouri, west Tennessee, and northwest Mississippi. distribution: r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 43 description: These are relatively small corner-notched points with distinctive puzzlelike notches that are narrow on the blade edge, enlarging into rounded ends.
Other possible names or related points: Barnes, Cumberland, Crowﬁeld, De- bert, Enterline –Bull Brook. . Gainey points are found in southern Michigan and Ontario and west to the Mississippi River. distribution: i n t r o d u c t i o n | 17 Gainey points are comparable to Clovis in being longer than Folsom. However, whereas channel ﬂake scars on Clovis points do not exceed half the blade length, Gainey points have long, Folsom-like, ﬂutes that run well beyond half the length of the blade. It should be noted that resharpened Clovis points will have longer ﬂute-to-blade ratios, and it is possible to misclassify such points as Gainey.
Other possible names or related points: Key-Notched Point, Bristol Diagonal- Notched, Cache Diagonal-Notched. . distribution: Thebes points are most concentrated in the central Midwest and become rare north of the Wisconsin River. description: Thebes points are medium to large spear points or knives with distinctly square notches. Blades are bifacially thinned by percussion ﬂaking. Shoulder barbs are usually rounded. Blades are well made with straight sides, often exhibiting steep, alternate beveling from edge resharpening.