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By Gerrit de Veer

The courses of the Hakluyt Society (founded in 1846) made on hand edited (and occasionally translated) early money owed of exploration. the 1st sequence, which ran from 1847 to 1899, comprises a hundred books containing released or formerly unpublished works by means of authors from Christopher Columbus to Sir Francis Drake, and protecting voyages to the hot international, to China and Japan, to Russia and to Africa and India. This publication comprises 3 bills of Dutch voyages looking for a north-eastern passage to China, undertaken within the 1590s. (When this Hakluyt version used to be released in 1853, carrying on with anxiousness in regards to the destiny of Sir John Franklin's excursion made any debts of Arctic exploration super topical.) The Dutch weren't winning in developing a north-east passage; however the tales of the expeditions and of the braveness and patience of the lads who took half in them make for interesting examining.

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Extra info for A True Description of Three Voyages by the North-East towards Cathay and China: Undertaken by the Dutch in the Years 1594, 1595 and 1596

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And, secondly, it was not so much the fixed ice along the coast which impeded their progress, as the immense masses of floating ice from the Polar Basin which had drifted into the Sea of Kara; for, on more than one occasion, it was precisely by getting into the shallow water " between the shore and the 1 Barrow, Chronological History Regions, p. 99. 2 Hakluyt, vol. i, p. 453. of Voyages into the Arctic INTRODUCTION. ice," that they were enabled to effect a passage, which in deeper water, where the ice-masses could float, was denied to them.

Probably Forster had in his mind the " entirely English" name of Stephen Bennet, the well-known walrus-hunter on Bear (Cherie) Island. But the confusion as to Oliver Brunei does not rest here. Sir John Barrow, in his work already cited,1 says :—" The Dutch themselves admit, that an Englishman of the name of Brunell or Brownell, ' moved with the hope of gain, went from Enkhuysen to Pechora,' where he lost all by shipwreck, after he had been on the coast of Nova Zembla, and given the name of Costin-sarca (qu.

I, pp. 509-512. 3 See page 261. XXXviii INTRODUCTION. geographicall writings of Homer, Strabo, Aristotle, Plinie, Dion, and the rest, I reioyced not a little that I happened vpon such a messenger as the bearer of these presents (whom I do especially recommend vnto you), who arriued lately here at Arusburg, upon the riuer of Osella. This mans experience (as I am of opinion) will greatly auaile you to the knowledge of a certaine matter, which hath bene by you so vehemently desired and so curiously laboured for, and concerning the which the late cosmographers do hold such varietie of opinions: namely, of the discouerie of the huge promontorie of Tabin, and of the famous and rich countreys subiect unto the emperor of Cathay, and that by the northeast Ocean Sea.

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