By Stuart A. Rice
The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence provides the innovative in each quarter of the self-discipline and offers the sphere with a discussion board for severe, authoritative reviews of advances. It offers a piece of writing framework that makes every one quantity an outstanding complement to complex graduate sessions, with contributions from specialists around the globe and a convenient thesaurus for simple reference on new terminology. This sequence is an excellent consultant for college students and execs in chemical physics and actual chemistry, from academia, executive, and industries together with chemical compounds, prescription drugs, and polymers.
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Extra resources for Advances in Chemical Physics (Volume 143)
As a third route to LDA, heating or decompression of the high-pressure polymorph ice VIII can be employed, which is the proton-ordered pendant to ice VII. Most high-pressure forms of ice quench-recovered at 77 K experience a multiple amorphous–amorphous transitions 45 transition to ice Ic when heated above 145–150 K, namely the metastable poymorphs ice IV and ice XII (which can be produced in the stability ﬁelds of ice V and ice VI in Fig. 7)  and the stable polymorphs ice II, ice III, ice V, ice VI, and ice VII [157, 158].
Such a metastable quasiequilibrium allows for the deﬁnition of a coexistence line, where Gibbs free energies of two amorphous states are identical, and the possibility of ‘‘ﬁrst-order’’ transitions that involve 32 thomas loerting, vadim v. brazhkin, and tetsuya morishita jump-like changes in entropy, volume, and enthalpy arises. Also the possibility of a critical point located at the end of the coexistence line arises. Another complicating circumstance with respect to amorphous solids and glasses is that the transformations between different ‘‘phases’’ during the experimental times occur, as a rule, under conditions that are far from equilibrium; these transformations are determined by kinetic parameters, much like low-temperature phase transitions with a large hysteresis found in crystals .
447–451. 18. J. Gao and J. H. Weiner Macromolecules, 27, 1201 (1994). 19. J. H. Weiner and J. J. , Prentice Hall, New York, 1991, pp. 255–261. 20. A. F. Bower and J. H. Weiner, J. Chem. Phys. 125, 096101 (2006). 21. J. Gao and J. H. Weiner, Macromolecules 22, 979 (1989). 22. W. A. Curtin and R. E. Miller, Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 11, R33-R68. MULTIPLE AMORPHOUS–AMORPHOUS TRANSITIONS THOMAS LOERTING Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52a, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria VADIM V.