Download American Indian Medicine by Virgil J. Vogel PDF

By Virgil J. Vogel

The aim of this publication, says the writer, is to teach the influence of Indian medicinal practices on white civilization. truly it achieves way more. It discusses Indian theories of ailment and strategies of struggling with disorder or even is going into the query of which ailments have been indigenous and which have been delivered to the Indian by way of the white guy. It additionally lists Indian medicinal drugs that experience gained popularity within the Pharmacopeia of the us and the nationwide Formulary.The effect of yankee Indian therapeutic arts at the medication and therapeutic and pharmacology of the white guy used to be enormous. for instance, such medicines as insulin and penicillin have been expected in rudimentary shape by way of the aborigines. Coca leaves have been used as narcotics by way of Peruvian Indians hundreds of thousands of years sooner than Carl Koller first used cocaine as a neighborhood anesthetic in 1884. All jointly, approximately a hundred and seventy medications, typically botanical, have been contributed to the reliable compendia via Indians north of the Rio Grande, approximately 50 extra coming from natives of the Latin-American and Caribbean regions.Impressions and attitudes of early explorers, settlers, physicians, botanists, and others concerning Indian healing practices are said by way of realms, with British, French, and Spanish colonies and the younger usa individually treated.Indian theories of disease—sorcery, taboo violation, spirit intrusion, soul loss, unfulfilled goals and wishes, and so forth -and shamanistic practices used to strive against them are defined. equipment of treating every kind of injuries-from fractures to snakebite-and even surgical procedure are integrated. The impact of Indian therapeutic lore upon people or family drugs, in addition to at the "Indian medical professionals" and patent medicinal drugs, are mentioned. For the benefit of the reader, an index of botanical names is supplied, including a large choice of illustrations. The disproportionate recognition that has been given to the superstitious and unscientific beneficial properties of aboriginal drugs has tended to imprecise its genuine contributions to American civilization.

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4 Belief in witchcraft as a cause of disease is especially prevalent in Southwestern tribes. Among the Zuñis, Ale Hrdlicka reported, ''when an epidemic or persistent ill fortune visits the tribe, and even in individual cases, a suspicion arises that the affliction is due to witchcraft. The offender is then sought, and: the blame may fall upon some old, friendless man or woman or even upon a young person, who is pressed to confess the witchcraft. If he does so, it is said that he is simply exiled.

2 "Primitive Concepts of Disease," University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. XXXII (1932), 186-90. 3 Anthony F. C. , Vol. LX, No. 2 (April, 1958), 234-48. Page 15 bring disaster. Insults of like nature to the river have their penalty. Human ghosts who naturally feel lonesome for their friends and relatives cause a disease, so as to provide congenial company, while an animal ghost will cause trouble if respect has not been shown to its body after it has been killed.

4 Belief in witchcraft as a cause of disease is especially prevalent in Southwestern tribes. Among the Zuñis, Ale Hrdlicka reported, ''when an epidemic or persistent ill fortune visits the tribe, and even in individual cases, a suspicion arises that the affliction is due to witchcraft. The offender is then sought, and: the blame may fall upon some old, friendless man or woman or even upon a young person, who is pressed to confess the witchcraft. If he does so, it is said that he is simply exiled.

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