Download Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays by Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess PDF

By Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)

Ever given that Aristotle's recognized argument concerning the sea-battle the next day, there was in depth and arguable dialogue between philosophers even if the reality of statements concerning the destiny results in determinism. Ther e is controversy approximately Aristotle's personal strategy to the matter, in addition to the perspectives of classical and medieval commentators on Aristotle. Seel's booklet makes an attempt to respond to this query for the Neoplatonist Ammonius (5th-6th century AD). In so doing, he additionally opens up new insights into Neoplatonic concept.

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Additional info for Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays

Sample text

But it is necessary that this one nature be said either of several things or only of one. If what is used as subject term is something said of one thing only, such as 'Socrates' or 'Plato', it is clear that the sentence will be singular, but if it is something said of several things, such as 'man' or 'animal', the sentence will be universal; and besides these there is . But if it is universal, it is 46 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Part III: Ammonius on Aristotle [89] εσται ή πρόΐασις, el δέ των χατά πλειόνων οίον άνθρωπος ή ζψον, 26 καθόλου· καΙ παρά ταΰτα ουκ εστίν, εί δέ καθόλου είη, άναγχαΐον αύτδν ήτοι δίχα προσδιορισμοί» λέγεσθαι ή μετά προσδιορισμού, προσδιορισμοί δέ λέγονται προσρή|ματά τινα τά συνταττόμενα τοις υποκειμένοις και 72' δηλούντα δπως εχει τδ χατηγορουμενον πρδς τδ πλήθος των ατόμων των υπδ το δποχείμενον, ειτε ώς δπάρχον ειτε ώς μή δπάρχον λαμβάνοιτο· διδ και τέτταρές είσι τδν άριθμόν, πας και ούδείς, τις και ού πας, δύο 5 μέν καθόλου ό πας χαί ό ούδείς, δυο δέ μερικοί 6 τις και ό ου πας.

Mignucci, however, refuses to give a definite answer. His main reason for this is that in the present passage it is not said to what άφωρισμένως αληθές is opposed; it might be opposed either to what is indefinitely true or to what is not yet true. I feel, however, that Mignucci is being somewhat over-cautious. For, as we have seen, only the first conjecture leaves the argument reported and criticised by the Peripatetics sound. Moreover, the expression ουκ η$η does not occur in the text, and it is surely more natural to oppose ίφωρισμήκος αληθές to οΰκ αφωρισμένως αληθές.

However, when a proposition (αξίωμα) is about an event that will occur at some time in the future, it may be asked whether there is anything at all that makes it true or false. If one assumes, as the Stoics seem to, that the truth-maker of a proposition must be simultaneous with the utterance of the proposition, then the event predicted by a future tense proposition cannot be its truth-maker because it is not simultaneous with the utterance of the proposition. We have already seen that this could have been a reason to adopt the standard solution and to restrict the principle of bivalence.

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